Geography Basics

Geography is the study of the Earth’s physical and human features, their spatial relationships, and the processes that shape them. It is a broad and interdisciplinary field that incorporates elements of natural science, social science, and the humanities.

Geographers seek to understand the complex interactions between the natural environment and human societies, and the ways in which these interactions vary across different regions and cultures.

This category contains articles about introductory concepts in geography. Find resources, books, lesson plans, and maps for teaching geography to all ages. A fun way to learn about geography is through the use of quizzes which are also listed in this category.

Tobler’s First Law of Geography

Caitlin Dempsey

The first law of geography was developed by Waldo Tobler in 1970 and it makes the observation that 'everything is usually related to all else but those which are near to each other are more related when compared to those that are further away’.  

Why Leaders Should Learn Geography

Anne-Laure Fréant

Anne-Laure Fréant talks about the importance of geographic knowledge in today's society.

1914 isochronic map showing travel times around the world by John G. Bartholomew, "An Atlas of Economic Geography".

Three Simple Ways to Realize You Do Know about Geography

Anne-Laure Fréant

Geography moves beyond simply knowing the capitals of countries. Anne-Laure Fréant discusses three ways people are more aware of geography than they realize.

How to Find a Top Geography Degree Program

Caitlin Dempsey

Learn about the different rankings for geography undergraduate and graduate degree programs and where to find resources to help you pick the best geography program.


Caitlin Dempsey

For hundreds of millions of years, all the land of Earth was joined together in one large mass or super ...