Geography Basics

Geography is the study of the Earth’s physical and human features, their spatial relationships, and the processes that shape them. It is a broad and interdisciplinary field that incorporates elements of natural science, social science, and the humanities.

Geographers seek to understand the complex interactions between the natural environment and human societies, and the ways in which these interactions vary across different regions and cultures.

This category contains articles about introductory concepts in geography. Find resources, books, lesson plans, and maps for teaching geography to all ages. A fun way to learn about geography is through the use of quizzes which are also listed in this category.

A compass rose showing just the cardinal points of north, south, east, and west.

Cardinal Directions and Ordinal Directions

Caitlin Dempsey

Learn about cardinal, ordinal, and secondary intercardinal directions.

Official Olympic Rings

Geography of the Olympic Rings

Caitlin Dempsey

The interlocked Olympic rings were meant to symbolize the Olympics' universality and to promote international harmony.

Angel of the North. © Copyright Bill Henderson and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

Mount Everest is the Biggest Mountain in England?

Caitlin Dempsey

If you're one of six out of ten adults in the United Kingdom, apparently you believe that either Mount Everest, Snowdon, or Ben Nevis is the answer to "What's the Biggest Mountain in England?"

Geography Careers

Rachel Quist

“Well, I guess you can always teach.”  If this is the response you get from friends and family when you ...

Six Famous Geographers

Caitlin Dempsey

A look at six of the world's most famous geographers: Eratosthenes, Al Idrisi, Alexander von Humboldt, Immanuel Kant, Carl Ritter, and Arnaldo Faustini.