For Labor Day, CityLab cofounder Richard Florida has published his evaluation of the current job situation in the United States. Although jobs are being created, they are spatially clustered in certain areas and many of the newly created jobs pay low wages. By understanding where new jobs are available, population changes, and migration, a trajectory for the future starts to become clearer.
Cities with blossoming technology industries are creating the most jobs. Provo (in Utah), Raleigh, and San Francisco are examples of cities with 18.5% and higher job growth. [number of jobs.png] As may be expected, most of the high wage jobs being created are also in these cities with clusters in the Bay Area, Carolinas, and the East Coast from Washington D.C. up to Boston. [high wage jobs.png] For low wage jobs, cities in Florida, Texas, and scattered across the Rust Belt dominate the map. Many of the same cities seen on these job growth maps are the places experiencing the greatest population growth. Between 2014 and 2015, Provo, Austin, and Raleigh were all among the top 20 for percent population increase, while San Francisco and the New York metro area were among the top for increases by number.
With this data, it’s hard not to see an inequity of wealth and opportunity, concentrated mostly in the few tech hubs. Both the population and the landscape of the United States are becoming increasingly urbanized. Meanwhile, employment opportunities skew towards low wages. The high wage jobs that are created are found only in spaces that promote exclusion, be it by high cost of living, the removal of affordable services, or other means of gentrification.
More: Where the Good Jobs Are, CityLab.com
- Geography of Jobs in the United States
- The Future of Jobs
- Where are the GIS Jobs? A Look at the GIS Job Market in the United States