the jet stream shifted from about 49° S to 51° S between 1980 and 2000 — the years when the stratospheric ozone layer over Antarctica was becoming depleted. The trend alters after 2000, when the ozone layer began to recover as a result of the Montreal Protocol, which banned ozone-depleting substances. Image: Banerjee et al., 2020.

As the Ozone Layer Recovers it is Changing Wind Patterns

Caitlin Dempsey

Researchers from the University of Montreal used satellite data and climate modeling to understand how the recovery of the ozone layer has affected the Earth's atmosphere.

Satellites Give Detailed Insights into Climate Sciences

Elizabeth Borneman

The European Space Agency has recently released a report entitled ‘10 New Insights in Climate Science’.

Windblown Snow. Image: NASA/Michael Studinger, public domain

What is a Snow Devil?

Caitlin Dempsey

Miniature vortexes of wind can stir up snow in a formation known as a snow devil.

The Atacama Desert, which normally receives only 1 to 3 millimeters of rain a year, had a rare snowfall in 2011. Image: NASA, public domain.

Driest Non-polar Desert in the World

Caitlin Dempsey

Situated in northern Chile, the Atacama Desert is one of the driest places on Earth.

Looking at Centuries of California’s Climate to Understand Fire Risk

Elizabeth Borneman

Researchers examined moisture patterns and atmospheric wind conditions in California using climate models and centuries of paleoclimate data (from 1571 to 2013).