Physical Geography

Physical geography focuses on geography as an Earth science (and is sometimes called Earth System Science).

Physical geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of the natural features and processes of the Earth’s surface. It includes the examination of landforms, climate, vegetation, soils, and water resources. Physical geographers use a range of scientific methods and tools to analyze and understand the complex interactions between the Earth’s physical systems.

Learn about the different branches of geography that fall under the physical geography category: climatology, geomorphology, biogeography, and more.

Caused by Monarch butterflies in flight?

Mass Movements So Large You Can See Them on Radar

Caitlin Dempsey

The U.S. National Weather Service in Saint Louse, Missouri recently reported that a butterfly shaped pattern on its radar was the result of... butterflies.

Releasing homing pigeons near Priddy. © Copyright Rog Frost and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence. Face blurred for privacy.

Animal Navigation Through Magnetoception

Elizabeth Borneman

Magnetoception is the ability for certain animals to orient themselves based on the earth’s magnetic field.

Mapping Iceland’s Bárðarbunga (Bardarbunga) Volcanic Eruption

Caitlin Dempsey

The second highest mountain in Iceland has been exhibiting heightened activity since mid-August. As a results causing thousands of local ...

Vredefort Dome, Free State, South Africa.

Geography of Impact Craters

Caitlin Dempsey

According to the Earth Impact Database, there are currently 184 verified impact craters that have been documented on Earth.

Barringer Meteor Crater in Arizona.

Impact Craters

Elizabeth Borneman

Impact craters are the result of an object hitting a larger surface at hypervelocity creating a circular depression in the ...