Physical Geography

Physical geography focuses on geography as an Earth science (and is sometimes called Earth System Science).

Physical geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of the natural features and processes of the Earth’s surface. It includes the examination of landforms, climate, vegetation, soils, and water resources. Physical geographers use a range of scientific methods and tools to analyze and understand the complex interactions between the Earth’s physical systems.

Learn about the different branches of geography that fall under the physical geography category: climatology, geomorphology, biogeography, and more.

Unique Features of the Australasian Geographic Zone

Elizabeth Borneman

Australasia is a unique geographical and ecological zone compromised of Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and other small islands nearby.

Introduction to Climate Change

Elizabeth Borneman

Changes that are normally brought about by climatic variations have caused major environmental concerns worldwide. These changes without doubt bring ...

National Climate Assessment Report Released

Caitlin Dempsey

The National Climate Assessment, an important report on the impacts on climate change in the United States today and in ...

Richat structure

Richat Structure: A Geologic Wonder

Caitlin Dempsey

The Richat Structure, a geologic wonder viewable from space, is a striking circular feature found in the Sahara Desert in ...

How Deforestation Affects Physical Geography

Elizabeth Borneman

Deforestation is a problem we are likely all familiar with, even in passing. We drive or walk by small or ...