Physical Geography

Physical geography focuses on geography as an Earth science (and is sometimes called Earth System Science).

Physical geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of the natural features and processes of the Earth’s surface. It includes the examination of landforms, climate, vegetation, soils, and water resources. Physical geographers use a range of scientific methods and tools to analyze and understand the complex interactions between the Earth’s physical systems.

Learn about the different branches of geography that fall under the physical geography category: climatology, geomorphology, biogeography, and more.

Line in the Sand – How the Same Species Differ Across Borders

Caitlin Dempsey

A study from the University of Haifa looked at differences between rodent, reptile, and ant lion species in Jordan and Israel.

This Satellite Image of Algae Bloom Looks Like a Painting

Caitlin Dempsey

Satellite imagery can show us fantastic and beautiful views of Earth.  This image captured on November 22, 2008 shows vibrate ...

A photograph of peaks and glaciers in the Swiss Alps taken from the International Space Station.

Fighting snowmelt with a windshield

Caitlin Dempsey

Geographer Hans-Joachim Fuchs is convinced that the use of windscreens to funnel katabatic winds (cold winds that blow downhill) in ...

Geography and Geology of the Galapagos Islands

Caitlin Dempsey

The Galapagos archipelago is located about 1000 kilometers to the west of Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean. The Galapagos Islands ...

Caribbean Islands: the Lesser Antilles

Caitlin Dempsey

Virgin Islands The Virgin Islands is an archipelago located in the northern part of the Lesser Antilles, in the Caribbean ...