Arctic passages

Modeled optimal September navigation routes for hypothetical ships seeking to cross the Arctic Ocean between the North Atlantic (Rotterdam, The Netherlands and St. John’s, Newfoundland) and the Pacific (Bering Strait) during consecutive years 2006–2015 and 2040–2059. Source: Smith and Stephenson, 2013.

The Impacts of Arctic Melt Connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans

Elizabeth Borneman

In an article published in Global Change Biology, a group of researchers examines what is happening to animal migration when the Pacific and Atlantic oceans merge owing to Arctic melt.