Basics of Geography

Shaded relief map of the world showing the five major lines of latitude.

Latitude and Longitude

Caitlin Dempsey

Learn more about lines you see on a map running east-west and north-south called latitude and longitude.

Map of Texas with a locator map showing the relative location of Texas within the continental United States.

What to Know About Absolute and Relative Location

Caitlin Dempsey

Let's learn about the difference between absolute and relative location.

Map showing the Indian Ocean, Oman Sea, and the Red Sea. Map: Epmistes, MediaWiki Commons.

What is the Difference Between a Sea and an Ocean?

Caitlin Dempsey

A look at the geographic definitions of oceans and seas.

To understand where north, south, east, and west are, first point your left arm towards the sun in the morning.

Understanding Direction Based on the Sun

Caitlin Dempsey

This lesson plan introduces the concept of direction to young children by using the location of the Sun in order to understand where east, west, north, and south are located.

What are the Branches of Geography?

Elizabeth Borneman

Geography is divided into two main branches: human geography and physical geography.

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