Battle of Waterloo

The far left map is the original hand-drawn map, which was used to make the two printed version on the right which were used by Napoleon and his army at Waterloo. In the original map, the Mont Saint-Jean farm is situated to the right of the road, while on the printed versions, the farm is shown as being to the left of the road.

Was an Inaccurate Map Partly Responsible for Napoleon’s Waterloo Defeat?

Caitlin Dempsey

A French documentary filmmaker argues that a cartographic mistake played a significant role in Napoleon's army succumbing to defeat by the Duke of Wellington's forces in the Battle of Waterloo.