Bayesian is a belief network that is a probabilistic graphical model that deals with reasoning under uncertainty (e.g. determining the probabilities of a disease based on the symptoms).

Geographic pattern of illegal border crossings. Source: Rossmo, et al., 2008).

Using GIS to Map Drug Trafficking

Mark Altaweel

GIS has significantly aided police in crime prevention, notably in fighting drug trafficking.

Map of global travel times.

4D GIS and Prediction

Mark Altaweel

For the last two decades, GIS technologies have increasingly been used to incorporate not only spatial relationships but also analyzing and visualizing space across time. Spatial-temporal GIS, or 4D GIS, has, in particular, become essential in areas where GIS is needed for predicting dimensions across time.