Zayre River or Congo River

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The Zayre River (also known as Congo River) is the largest river in Central Africa. Has a length of 2,920 miles, making it the second longest river in Africa (after the Nile). Its waters keep fertile than a tenth of the African surface.  Its tributaries drain into Central African RepublicZambiaCameroonAngolaDemocratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Republic of the CongoEquatorial Guinea and Gabon.  The river and its tributaries run through the second largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon.   According to studies of its soils, its birth probably dates to the continental divide, approximately 350 to 450 billion years ago.

The Zayre River has its source in the Democratic Republic of Congo, which takes its name, as well as the neighboring Republic of Congo (Brazzaville). The upper part of the river, which is called the Lualaba River, follows a steady path towards the north to reach the falls Boyoma, and then turns west, forming a wide curve.

The source of the Zayre River is in the mountains of the Great Rift Valley in East Africa, as lakes Tanganyika and Moero, which feed the Lualaba River, becoming the Congo River below the cataracts Boyoma.

The Zayre River’s water is murky, almost black, collected by all its tributaries, jungles, and mountains.  The Congo flows generally west from Kisangani just below the falls, then gradually turns south-west, passing by Mbandaka, joining with the Ubangi River, and plunging into the lake Malebo where the Congo contracts and descends through a series of waterfalls created by deep canyons and waterfalls collectively known as Livingstone. Then, run towards Matadi and Boma, and then empties into the Atlantic Ocean.

Satellite picture of the Pool Malebo section of the Congo River. Source: NASA, 2003.
Satellite picture of the Pool Malebo section of the Congo River. Source: NASA, 2003.

References for the Zayre River

Wikipedia Congo River http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congo_River

New World Encyclopedia http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Congo_River

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