Physical Geography

Physical geography focuses on geography as an Earth science (and is sometimes called Earth System Science).

Physical geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of the natural features and processes of the Earth’s surface. It includes the examination of landforms, climate, vegetation, soils, and water resources. Physical geographers use a range of scientific methods and tools to analyze and understand the complex interactions between the Earth’s physical systems.

Learn about the different branches of geography that fall under the physical geography category: climatology, geomorphology, biogeography, and more.

An AI generated closeup of a red, orange, and yellow fall leaves with a dusting of snow.

What is Snowliage?

Caitlin Dempsey

Snowliage is when an early winter storm creates a bright white snowfall that contrasts with the red, oranges, and yellow fall foliage of trees.

A shaded relief map with labels of the highest point in each state.

Highest Point in Every U.S. State

Caitlin Dempsey

Discover the highest point in each U.S. state.

Graph with lines in 1,000 foot intervals with a mountain graphic and labels corresponding to the heights of the five tallest mountains in the United States.

The Highest 11 Mountains in the United States

Elizabeth Borneman

Learn about the highest 11 mountains in the United States.

A male Mexican wolf stands on a snow covered log.

Reintroduction of the Mexican wolf nears 25th anniversary

Mark Altaweel

Reintroduction efforts to improve Mexican wolf populations in the wild began in 1998 and recent populations now exceed 200 wolves.

Black and white graph showing the change in global temperatures against the average from 1951 to 1980.

When Will We Reach the 1.5°C Mark with Climate Change?

Mark Altaweel

The Earth is 1°C warmer than pre-industrial times, and it's unclear when we'll reach the 1.5°C climate threshold.