Geography Basics

Geography is the study of the Earth’s physical and human features, their spatial relationships, and the processes that shape them. It is a broad and interdisciplinary field that incorporates elements of natural science, social science, and the humanities.

Geographers seek to understand the complex interactions between the natural environment and human societies, and the ways in which these interactions vary across different regions and cultures.

This category contains articles about introductory concepts in geography. Find resources, books, lesson plans, and maps for teaching geography to all ages. A fun way to learn about geography is through the use of quizzes which are also listed in this category.

An aerial view of a humpback whale and shearwater in the Pacific Ocean.

Conservation Tech: Monitoring Humpback Whales Using Image Recognition

Mark Altaweel

Happywhale is a citizen science effort that uses AI to identify and track humpback whales.

A Monarch butterfly on a milkweed plant.

Overwintering Monarch Butterfly Populations

Caitlin Dempsey

The latest counts of overwintering monarch butterflies in California and Mexico.

A satellite image of a storm along the east coast of the United States.

Nor’easter Storms in the United States

Caitlin Dempsey

Nor'easters are powerful storms that bring heavy snowfall to the East Coast of the United States, primarily between September and April.

A small sparrow clings to a reed.

Alviso Slough in the San Francisco Bay

Caitlin Dempsey

The Alviso Slough in the San Franciso Bay is a restored salt marsh that lies in the path of the Pacific Flyway.

Photo taken from an aircraft looking down at a heart-shaped glacier that is breaking off.

Measuring Greenland’s Ice Loss

Mark Altaweel

More accurate geospatial methodologies for measuring ice loss in Greenland indicate that existing approaches may not fully capture the scale of ice melt.

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