Sub-branches of Physical Geography



Physical geography is one of the two primary branches of geography.  Listed here are sub-branches or sub-fields of physical geography.  These sub-fields of physical geography study processes and patterns in the natural environment.


Animals and plants on earth are usually distributed in specific patterns and biogeography is the discipline that is involved in this study.

Water Resources Geography

This is a branch of geography that normally deals with the study of how water resources are generally managed in a particular region. Geographers who are involved in this discipline normally look at the manner in which water is collected, distributed and lastly used in various places across the planet. In addition to this, systems developed by humans that are meant to aid the entire process are also studied so that they can consequently be enhanced for maximum efficiency.

Climate Geography

Geographers in this branch of geography are usually concerned in the investigation of the weather patterns of the earth and the way in which they affect the climate as a result. Moreover, activities that are taking place within the atmosphere of the earth are also studied in this discipline.



The land forms on earth usually develop in interesting ways and there are numerous processes that normally lead to their eventual vanishing. Geographers who are involved in this field usually study the entire process from start to finish and erosion has been discovered to be a major factor that influences the vanishing of the land forms.


Deals with the characteristics of rocks.


The study of ocean currents, waves and tides.


Study of mountains.


Study of rivers.