What are the Branches of Geography?

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Geography is divided into two main branches: human geography and physical geography. There are additional branches in geography such as regional geography, cartography, and integrated geography.

Human Geography

This is a main branch in geography and it mainly covers studies of the human race. This normally involves their backgrounds, how they interact and the perceptions that they have for various ideologies affecting them. In addition to this, the discipline also studies the way in which the groups of people that inhabit the earth organize themselves on the particular regions that they inhabit. As a matter of fact, many other branches of geography normally fall under human geography. More: Sub-branches of Human Geography.


Physical Geography 

Physical geography is a major branch of the science and it mainly deals with the study of the natural characteristics of the earth. It covers both the ones that are on the earth’s surface as well as those near it. More: Sub-branches of Physical Geography.


Geographers who study cartography are usually more involved in the mapping of things. In general, every geographer must have the essential knowledge that is required in displaying data on maps. Cartography focuses on ways in which the entire mapping procedure can be technologically advanced by creating maps that are generally of higher quality.

On a conclusive note, geography is a very wide subject and this is why it is comprised of numerous sub-disciplines within it. There are other branches within this science that have not been discussed and some of the notable ones include: Geographic education, historical geography, GIS (Geographic Information Systems), remote sensing, and quantitative methods. There are some branches in geography which are generally interrelated very closely to others but there are others that have very different principalities in place.

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