Definition of Geography

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What is the Etymology of the word Geography?

The word ‘geography’ originates from two greek words.  The first is ‘geo’ which means the earth’ and the second Greek word is “graph” which means  ‘to write‘).

What is Geography?

Therefore, Geography is the science that deals with the description of the Earth’s surface.  Those that study geography are divided into two main areas: physical geography and human geography.


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Origins of the Word Geography

The first recorded use of the word geography was by Eratosthenes, a Greek scholar who lived from 276–194 BC who is credited with creating the discipline of geography (Eratosthenes’ Geography. Princeton University Press. 2010).  

19th century reconstruction of Eratosthenes' map of the known world, c. 194 BC.
19th century reconstruction of Eratosthenes’ map of the known world, c. 194 BC.

 

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